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Man is the only creature on the planet who is capable of living according to the imaginary order. Morality, life values, justice - all these concepts are relative and change with time. They are not dictated by nature, but are necessary for building an effective society. A person comes into this world and absorbs the rules of this order, starts living in accordance with them.
Precisely 100 years ago, on November 7th, 1917, the storm of the October revolution burst out in once powerful Russian Empire changing not only the political and social structure of the state but also people’s minds, attitudes and behaviours. The new government squarely addressed global restructuring of the imaginary order. The closure of the borders, repressions, which enabled it to get rid of unsuitable people and instill terror in those who remained, and also perfectly adjusted propaganda machine allowed the communists to create a new mythology, to change people’s values, ideals and worldview.
I have made a research of the textbooks from different periods of USSR and found out that starting from the very first alphabet book they were all filled with words of love for the Red Banner, Lenin, the greatness of the country and glorious victories in endless fights against its enemies and defeating them – Nazi Germany, bourgeoisie, Russian Empire. I was quite impressed when I found in one of them a story how the Cossacks commander was cunningly lured by the hero of the revolution and then got a bullet in his forehead. War and thrill towards weapons became routine. Even in a more zealous way these ideals were imposed in communist organizations. It was prestigious to take part in them - Little Octobrists, Komsomol, the Communist Party. Only the best and the most suitable were eligible to join them, later being encouraged by all sorts of benefits. All the media unanimously reiterated the same truth, it was clearly conveyed to all what was good, what was bad, who was a friend and who was an enemy. And of course, art. Films, books, songs – all this was imbued with communism. In the conversations with people who used to live in that period, I often heard comments that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, they lost every sense. Previously, everything was clear to them, they had clear guidelines, understanding, they believed in a fairy tale about a beautiful country. Even if they did not have a very simple life, the faith strengthened them, success in sports and achievements in the space encouraged. And then the tale fell apart. The very basis of the worldview collapsed.
The ideology of the Soviet period settled so deeply that we are still living among its artifacts, often without even noticing it. We walk along the streets named after the heroes of World War II, we pass by the monuments, but we do not remember what those people did. Although since it got weaker, there is a place for new ideas that are starting to fight each other. I witnessed how in reality all images that were once so actively imposed by propaganda were getting visualized. And then it was not clear any more - where they were coming from. Today the governments of Belarus and Russia are interested in enhancing these ideas in order to increase their power. But also, probably for some people it was about getting pleasure from the mechanical rituals reproduction, perhaps for others it was about an opportunity to depersonalize themselves, merge with the crowd, hide behind the idea, feel part of something big, powerful, find the enemy, for whose sake you can unite into one immense power. Or maybe it was a simple way to create the worldview, take the system for granted, choose what to see, and what to close your eyes to.